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Hypertension Health Education Contents And Methods
May 28, 2018

Hypertension is an unexplained clinical syndrome characterized by a rise in systemic arterial blood pressure. It is a group of chronic non-communicable diseases characterized by systolic blood pressure ≥140mmHg and diastolic blood pressure ≥90mmHg, which are characterized by dizziness, headache and other symptoms. It is a common disease that seriously endangers people's life and health and can affect Heart, brain and other organ functions. Hypertension can be well controlled by changing the diet structure, proper physical exercise, reducing weight, lowering blood fat, relaxing mood, and ensuring good mood. It can effectively control blood pressure and effectively prevent concurrent disease in patients who have already developed the disease. The occurrence of symptoms, etc., improve the quality of life of patients. How to effectively carry out health education is mainly from the following aspects.

1 General knowledge mission

Such as the concept of hypertension, clinical manifestations, incentives and complications; normal blood pressure and abnormal value range, the purpose of blood pressure control, goals and methods. Prevention of various complications of hypertension, how to correctly and reasonably use drugs and precautions; various diets; moderate exercise; smoking, drinking influence on blood pressure [1].

2 Directions of Conduct

(1) Reasonable diet: The ideal daily intake of sodium should be 5 grams, reduce calorie, cholesterol, fat intake, appropriate increase of protein, eat more fruits and vegetables, intake of sufficient potassium, magnesium, calcium. Avoid over-saturation, smoking cessation, alcohol and stimulants [2]. (2) Moderate exercise: Regular physical activity can prevent and control high blood pressure, and guide mild patients to choose proper exercise. Aerobic exercise is also called endurance exercise. This type of exercise has antihypertensive effect. Therefore, it advocates aerobic exercise such as running, walking, playing, cycling, swimming, etc. Generally, it is 3 to 5 times a week, 30 to 40 times each time. Minutes, should stop exercise immediately when symptoms such as dizziness, palpitation, shortness of breath, and extreme fatigue appear. (3) Daily life guidance: A sudden change in body position in hypertensive patients can cause syncope accidents and change slowly. Keep warm in the winter to prevent cold induced high blood pressure, to avoid staying in noisy environment, reasonable work and rest, to avoid overwork and stress, to maintain the law of life and ensure adequate sleep. Develop good bowel habits, prevent constipation, maintain smooth bowel movements, avoid excessive defecation resulting in increased blood pressure.

3 drug treatment guidance

Instruct patients to use antihypertensive drugs as prescribed by doctors, adhere to regular treatment, and take medications on time and in accordance with the prescribed amount. Do not increase or decrease the amount of drug, missed the service, or abruptly stop taking medicines. Adverse reactions.

4 Pay attention to psychological care and strengthen health education

The general knowledge of hypertension is explained to the patient so that the patient has a general understanding of the diagnosis and treatment of the disease, and he/she maintains a pleasant mood and psychological balance. People who are fearful about the disease state that high blood pressure is a controllable disease. As long as the effective blood pressure is controlled, they can live longer and healthier lives and alleviate their concerns. People who do not pay attention to the disease and are unwilling to take drugs for a long time should respond to the dangers of explaining hypertension and complications, and make them actively cooperate with taking drugs to achieve the purpose of enhancing health and improving the quality of life.

Regarding medical personnel, community residents, and even hypertensive patients, correct and reasonable prevention and treatment is a long-term task. Developing health education for hypertension is the basic knowledge for residents and patients to obtain prevention and treatment of hypertension, and a way for patients to cooperate with treatment is also the basis for all other treatments.